Little bit about us
Today we live in the digital world and digital devices affect our lives, the way how we proceed the information. In the era of the internet, social media became one of the important media platforms, while all of the users became media creators and media customers.
We do believe that media literacy is not only key knowledge for personal development but also essential for the public good.
CAN YOU THINK CRITICALLY?
do you differ fake news from the real one?
FAKE NEWS: HISTORICAL TIMELINE
Roman Emperor Augustus Octavian built a campaign of disinformation to support his victory over Marc Antony during the War of the Roman Republic.
A false story by Franciscan preacher Bernardino da Feltre blamed the Jewish community for a missing child. Fifteen people were falsely accused, found guilty, and tortured, contributing to widespread anti-Semitism as the story spread.
16th & 17th Centuries
The invention of the printing press led to mass distribution and sales of printed materials, regardless of their source. Gossip disguised as "news" became the norm by the 1780s, and opinion columns pushed content designed to manipulate public opinion.
Benjamin Franklin created a fake issue of the Boston Newspaper to build sympathy for the American
Revolution. The paper claimed that the Brits hired Native Americans to
scalp soldiers and civilians. The false information was widely circulated by other newspapers, increasing public hostility toward Native Americans.
The New York Sun ran reports of animal-like creatures inhabiting the moon in the "Great Moon Hoax." Circulation went from 8,000 to 19,000 copies, making it the world's best-selling daily newspaper at the time.
Unbeknownst to the public, the hoax was a commercial strategy.
Anti-Catholic newspapers in Philadelphia published stories that falsely accused Irishmen of robbing schools and stealing Bibles, which provoked violent riots and attacks on Catholic churches.
The New York Herald published an article claiming that many animals had escaped from the Central Park Zoo. There was widespread public panic, but people later found out that the story was a hoax.
The rumour of the German Corpse Factory was a major source of anti-German propaganda during World War I. Several newspapers with "official sources" claimed that members of the German military were extracting fat from dead soldiers to make soap, food for animals, and other materials.
Almost 10 years later, a British general admitted that he made up the story.
Dorothy Cochrane Logan, a British doctor, claimed to swim the English Channel for 13 hours straight. She was celebrated by European newspapers, which wrote about her accomplishment and gave her money as a reward.
The story later broke that she had secretly completed most of the journey by boat.
Nazi propagandist Joseph Goebbels — one of Hitler's closest associates and a powerful force in Germany's news media — founded a newspaper called The Attack to serve his propaganda messages. Goebbels used lies and disinformation to influence the public into supporting
the Nazis' horrific regime.
Orson Welles' War of the Worlds was broadcast on the radio, and because news radio was brand-new at the time, many listeners believed the story.
Allegedly, public panic erupted from people who believed an alien invasion was happening. While this rampant fear is documented in American history, it still remains unclear if this public panic truly occurred.
The Patriot newspaper published the article "AIDS may invade India: Mystery disease caused by US experiments."
The false story was picked up in major newspapers in 50 countries and cited an anonymous American scientist suggesting a "deadly new disease had been created by the Pentagon in a bid to develop new biological weapons."
A rumour spread through American news outlets that Vladimir Lenin's body would be auctioned off for millions of dollars. The Russian government grew furious, and the editor of Forbes admitted that the story was not true.
Rumours falsely accused Hillary Clinton of being at the center of a child trafficking ring. #Pizzagate
WHAT IS MEDIA LITERACY?